Tech

What is 5G and how it will change our lives

5G is on everyone's lips. This new mobile technology will increase 
connection speed, minimize latency and exponentially multiply the 
number of connected devices. In other words: we will be connected to 
everything, all day, and in the shortest possible time. But is it dangerous?

As with many other technological improvements, 5G is here, and it will do so to stay, beyond the technological wars between China and the United States. The implementation of the fifth generation mobile network will change the way we communicate, multiply the capacity of information highways and enable everyday objects,

from the refrigerator to the cars, to connect (with us and with each other) in real time. Its deployment is a real technological revolution that will allow, for example, to carry out televised surgical interventions, such as the one that they recently carried out in Barcelona,to deploy new fleets of autonomous vehicles and to coordinate agricultural work through sensors installed at different points in a field of cultivation.

 

But what exactly is 5G?

The 5G name refers to the fifth generation of mobile networks we know. Gone was the old 1G network, that of those first mobile phones that only allowed to speak. 2G technology introduced SMS, and gradually our ‘smartphone’ became an ever-widening communication tool. First the Internet connection (3G) was incorporated and then came the broadband (4G), which brought with it the playback of videos in real time (streaming) or augmented reality.

How the world will change 5G

The most significant advance will come from the hand of speed. The 5G will allow you to navigate up to 10 GBps (gigabytes per second), 10 times faster than the main fiber optic offerings on the market. At that rate you can, for example, download an entire movie in a matter of seconds.

In addition, latency (network response time) will also experience significant progress. According to the operators, this could be reduced to 5 milliseconds,an almost imperceptible period for humans, which will allow us to connect in almost real time. This is especially important, for example, to minimize the response time of an autonomous vehicle in order to improve the safety of both the occupants and any passer-by that surrounds it.

Thanks to this new technology we will be able, for example, to increase exponentially the number of connected devices. Vehicles, industrial robots, urban furniture (badness, roads, bus stops) or any electronic device we have at home (from the alarm alarm the washing machine, fridge or robot vacuum cleaner) will be able to connect and share information in time Real.

Is 5G dangerous?

WHO called wireless technology a level 2B carcinogen, a very generic cataloging that, according to the health organization itself, refers to the compounds “possibly carcinogenic to humans, i.e., when a causal association is credible, but chance, bias or conging factors cannot be ruled out with reasonable confidence,” a category that includes substances that are as harmful, such as coffee.

However, although WHO has stated that “studies to date do not indicate that environmental exposure to RF (radio frequency) fields increases the risk of cancer or any other disease,” from certain organizations warn of potential health hazards to mobile phone waves. For example, the NGO Ecologists in Action recently issued a statement warning that the implementation of the 5G had been carried out “without assessing its potential health and environmental effects, despite strong and numerous scientific calls to apply the precautionary principle”.

For now, with scientific studies in hand, it seems that 5G will bring more benefits than problems.